Socket Preservation Procedure
Preserving Your Jaw Bone after Extraction
Sometimes teeth must be removed because of pain, infection, bone loss, or tooth fracture. The bone that holds the tooth in place may be damaged by disease and/or infection. In addition, after teeth are extracted, the surrounding bone and gums can shrink and recede very quickly, resulting in unsightly defects and collapse of the lips and cheeks.
These jaw defects can complicate restorative dentistry, whether your treatment involves dental implants, bridges, or dentures. However, jaw deformities from tooth removal can be prevented and repaired by a procedure called socket preservation. Socket preservation can greatly improve your smile’s appearance and increase your chances for successful dental implants for years to come.
Several techniques can be used to preserve the bone and minimize bone loss after an extraction. In one common method, the tooth is removed and the socket is filled with bone or bone substitute. The site is then covered with gum tissue, artificial membrane, or tissue-stimulating proteins to encourage your body’s natural ability to repair the socket. This eliminates shrinkage and collapse of surrounding gum and facial tissues. The newly formed bone in the socket also provides a foundation for a dental implant. If your dentist has recommended tooth removal, be sure to ask if socket preservation is necessary. This is particularly important if you are planning on replacing the front teeth.